Cutting CO2-emissions and meeting obligations

There is a vitally important need to cut the CO2-emissions drastically, especially CO2 generated from fossil fuels. Replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy sources is inevitable as the demand for energy is growing.

Climate policy goals around the world highlight the need for cleaner energy solutions and renewable energy. Therefore, long-term investments in advanced biofuels are necessary to fulfill these targets and regulations.

Ethanol – The better fuel

Ethanol is globally the most widely used and well-known biofuel. There is no large investments needed for distribution networks. It is liquid fuel that replaces gasoline directly in existing usage, ensuring speed to market.

Bioethanol’s performance qualities are superior compared to most other alternative biofuels and it generates up to 90% less CO2-emissions than conventional fossil fuels. It has the possibility to vastly reduce fossil fuel -based GHG-emissions in a relatively fast way. Did you know that in terms of energy, 10 liters of bioethanol is equivalent to 1200 loaded car batteries?

Uniquely low CO2-balance

Driving with high blend ethanol fuels made from waste reduces CO2–emissions by up to 90%.

Life cycle emissions are cut down by using renewable waste and process residues as feedstock. Renewable energy is used in production and energy efficiency has been one of the top priorities in technology development. As waste is local, the transportation needs are minimal.

Bioethanol production from domestic biowaste and residues does not have direct or indirect impacts on forests, biodiversity or land usage.

Waste-based feedstock is the most responsible solution

CO2-aware bioethanol from food processing waste and other non-usable food items is a green, efficient and profitable way to produce renewable fuel, which doesn’t occupy lands that are needed for food production. In this way, there is also no need to use resources for agricultural activities, which take energy and cause additional emissions.

Suitable waste streams can be found locally everywhere and utilized in an easy, hygienic and efficient way to produce cleaner energy and fodder for animals as a byproduct.

Can you imagine a better way for waste usage?

Companies need to minimize waste

Therefore, we are doing our best to help our customers to reach these goals. For example, if all the sustainably available wastes and residues available in the EU-area were converted to biofuels, this could supply 16% of road transport fuel in 2030 and create about 300.000 jobs as well as minimize the amount of bio-waste.

Waste-based biofuels

  • Moving towards a circular economy

    Since the industrial revolution, waste has constantly grown. This is because our economies have used a “take-make-consume and dispose” pattern of growth – a linear model which assumes that resources are abundant, available and cheap to dispose of.

    What we need is a more circular economy. This means re-using, repairing, refurbishing and recycling existing materials and products. What used to be regarded as ‘waste’ can be turned into a resource. All resources need to be managed more efficiently throughout their life cycle.

    We collaborate with governments and municipalities to find the best solutions for local needs. This collaboration reaches from research and studies into actual plant construction. Recycling waste into ethanol, already today, is a concrete example of determined transition towards circular economy step by step and liter by liter.

  • Waste based biofuels – ethanol is a smart choice

    Using waste as a feedstock brings many benefits which, combined with the qualities of ethanol, makes it a superb solution.

    Waste-based ethanol’s CO2-emissions are remarkably lower and the renewable energy content is double counted if the fuel is produced from waste.

    For a fuel trading companies this makes it easier to fill the obligations as one megajoule of waste-based bioethanol is counted as two.

Bioethanol gives the best value for unused resources

There are many activities in the world that create waste, be it residues from the food industry or municipal biowaste. The energy that resides in waste and process residues can be fully exploited by producing bioethanol with our efficient plant solutions, be it Etanolix®, Bionolix® or Cellunolix®. In addition to high quality fuel, the process generates fodder, energy or heat as a side product.

Our solutions serve as a sustainable and responsible waste management option in which biodegradable waste can be processed in a local and efficient way, decreasing CO2-emission-generation. Smart use of waste generates local large-scale advantages – such as it increases the amount of domestic fuels and jobs.

Energy security and the role of domestic fuel

In many countries, supply of sufficient materials, in case of an emergency, are regulated by security of supply, in which energy plays an important role. Therefore, it is necessary to secure the domestic energy sources and production capabilities.

Waste streams can be found in every country, which makes waste-based bioethanol and our solutions an extremely good alternative for the needs of national energy security.

Bioethanol increases the national fuel-independence

Most countries in the world need to import their fuel from elsewhere, which makes it an important component in their balance of trade. The only way to decrease the share of imported fuels is to increase the domestic production of comparable fuels.

Bioethanol is often usable as it is or as a blend and with only minor changes, if any in, in the current distribution network. Even more important is that suitable feedstock is found in every country in the world.

This makes bioethanol production an exceptionally good tool to improve a country’s trade balance and a way to increase fuel independency. We are happy to be able to help in countries’ efforts towards this goal.

Bioethanol plant creates local jobs

Every plant we deliver creates local jobs both directly and indirectly. In the construction phase, local workforce is needed and when the plant is operational resources are needed for the daily routines.

Bioethanol plants also employ local sub-contractors and suppliers, for example in logistics and maintenance, creating new business opportunities for many companies in the field.

Customer stories

  • From wastewater to valuable feedstock

    The goal of Hartwall brewery is to be the most responsible supplier in the drinks business. Utilizing waste and process residues in the integrated bioethanol plant contributes to the ambitious aim of the company.

    Oy Hartwall Ab, a member of Royal Unibrew, is a Finnish producer and distributor of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. Environmental issues are highly valued in the company, which produces nearly 300 million liters of drinks on a yearly basis. With the help of bioethanol production, organic waste, such as surplus yeast, rest beer and soft drinks, can be used more efficiently.

    In 2009, an St1 Biofuels’ Etanolix® plant was integrated into Hartwall’s production facilities. Bioethanol is captured from the surplus yeast of beer production, which before went to animal feed. The side product of the process can still be used as animal feed. Every year, up to 4 million liters of surplus yeast, rest beer and nonalcoholic liquids are funneled to the plant. The integrated plant makes treatment of waste hygienic and logistically easy. Carbon dioxide produced in the Etanolix® plant can be captured and utilized in the brewery.

    After refining, the CO2 can be funneled back to the brewery and re-used in the drinks production process. Out of 1million liters of bioethanol produced in the plant annually, the waste from the brewery makes up 1/3 of the used feedstock. The rest comes from bakeries and supermarkets nearby in the form of excess products and process residues from bread and pastry production. An integrated pre-treatment line enables reception of packaged products, such as excess bread.

    Feedstock for Oy Hartwall Ab brewery’s Etanolix® plant

    • Surplus yeast
    • Brewery waste: sugary and alcoholic liquids
    • Packaged and unpackaged bakery waste and process residues from bakeries and supermarkets nearby

  • High quality feed for local farms

    A-Rehu is a part of Atria plc, which is a leading supplier of pork, beef and poultry meat in Finland. A-Rehu Oy has a strong position in the animal feed market and is in charge of the marketing and supply of nearly all the liquid animal feed that is produced at St1 Biofuels’ bioethanol plants around Finland. On average, this means annual volumes of 60 000 tons of feed.

    Liquid animal feed is produced as a side product of bioethanol production. A-Rehu supplies all the feed that is produced at St1 Biofuels’ plants to farms, where pigs enjoy the highly nutritious feed. Animal feed produced at bioethanol plant is rich in proteins and it contains fats and fibers that are valuable in pig nutrition.

    When animal feed is produced close to the farms, transportation costs can be significantly cut. Domestic production also replaces imported soy and grain, thus diminishing the effects of volatile world market prices. When sugar and starch-rich waste and process residues are used for bioethanol production, sustainable fuel as well as high quality animal feed is produced – resulting in increased value of feedstock.

  • Remeo supports sustainable waste management

    Remeo has been building a modern and sustainable waste management solutions with St1 Biofuels. 

    Remeo was the first waste management company to collect bakery-waste and excess bread from local bakeries and supermarkets for St1 Biofuel’s bioethanol plants around Finland. The unique model enables sustainable and safe waste management as well as efficient reuse of waste. One of the St1 Biofuel’s Etanolix® plants is located in Remeo’s waste treatment site in Vantaa, Finland, which enables smooth cooperation and synergies between the companies.

    “Waste-Bread-Round” – Recycling excess bread into ethanol

    Out-of-date bread from bakeries and supermarkets can be collected separately and turned into sustainable bioethanol for transportation use. “Waste-Bread-Round” is an easy and sustainable way to utilize excess bread. Remeo collects left-over unpackaged and packaged products from bakeries and supermarkets and delivers them to St1 Biofuels’ Etanolix® plants. There, the waste is turned into sustainable fuel.

    Collection trucks operate on waste-based bioethanol fuel, which cuts local environment’s emissions. Out-of-date bakery products are collected in a separate waste bins, which are collected 1-5 times a week depending on the store-size. Waste-Bread-Round causes no added costs for bakeries and supermarkets. The Etanolix®plant processes both packaged and unpackaged bread, which makes waste management easy and hygienic. Also, such sustainable use of out-of-date products strengthens staff commitment to recycling.

    Raw material for Waste-Bread-Round

    • Packaged & unpackaged bread and other bakery products
    • Baked waste dough
    • No moldy products
    • No products containing meat or fish

    Food Safety Authority requires registration from all animal-feed producers, even from bakeries and stores who provide left-over-products to farmers as animal feel. Registered animal-feed operators are responsible for feed-chain and its traceability. Thus bakeries and stores are released from the statutory registration and necessary controls as animal feed producers when left-over products are fully utilized though.